Rules

Enchanted Realms Rulebook

 
 Contents
 Introduction
 Overview
 How to Play
 Create a Character
   Qualities
   Race
   Skills
   Backstory
   Personality
   Summary
 Using Skills
   Karma
   Acquiring Skills
   Modifiers
   Saves
   Perception
   Group Feats
   Advantage and Disadvantage
   Raw Dice
   Summary
 Racial Skills
 Combat Skills
 Adventuring Skills
 Vocational Skills
 Magickery
 Divine Powers
   Invocations (A-C)
   Invocations (D-L)
   Invocations (M-R)
   Invocations (S-Z)
   Divine Skills
 Sorcery
   Axioms (A-C)
   Axioms (D-M)
   Axioms (N-Z)
 Armor
 Weapons
 Economy
   The Market
 Combat Detailed
   Rounds
   Initiative
   The Action
   Reactions
   Movemment
   Different Modes
   Terrain
   Knocked Down
   The Attack
   Raw Die Scores
   Critical Hits
   Physical Damage
   Sneak Attacks
   Touch-based Effects
   Defending
   At The Ready
   Grappling
   Pushing
   Shackling
   Flee Attack
   Impalement Maneuver
   Cover
   Blind Shot
   Weapon Negating
   Defense Rolls (Variant)
   Restrictions in Combat
 Adventuring
   Size Categories
   Brute Force
   Social Interactions
   Travel
   Mounts
   Recovery
   Short Rest
   Long Rest
   Death Saves
   Exhaustion
   Asphyxiation
   Dehydration
   Starvation
   Poisons
   Disease
   Falling
   Mind-Spirit Death
   Illusions
   Glamours
   Phantasms
   Shrouds
   Underwater
 Archetypes
 Game Master Details
   Labor Projects
   Metalworking
   Non-Metallic Crafting
   Chemistry and Alchemy
   Magic Items
 Appendix A - Character Sheet
Adventuring

Exploring the ancient tomb of horrors, slipping through the back alleyways of an urban setting, carving one’s way through the savage jungles of the Ape King – these are the stories which drive the game. The PCs will embark on many tales, face challenges and hopefully reap reward. This section will cover many additional details, not covered elsewhere to manage those stories.

Size Categories

Every creature has a size category. Many descriptions reference size categories to describe limitations or rules of contests should opponents be different in size. To intuitively understand what the numbers or words mean, note the descriptions below as well as understanding how a creature of a particular size fits on a hex map.

Size Category Classification Dimensions Controlled Space On Map
1TinyUp to 15 inches; up to 20 pounds½ hex
2SmallFrom 15 to 42 inches; from 20 to 75 pounds1 hex
3MediumFrom 42 inches to 7 feet; from 75 to 275 pounds1 hex
4LargeFrom 7 to 10 feet; from 275 to 2400 pounds2 hexes
5HugeFrom 10 to 14 feet; from 2400 to 6000 pounds3 hexes
6GiantFrom 14 to 20 feet; from 6000 to 15,000 pounds7 hexes
7ColossalSpecialSpecial
Brute Force

When trying to use brute force to break or bend something, such as a door, chains or a barred window, then a body feat save on a d20 is used. Being successful against the DC of the various objects and materials means the door is opened or the manacles broken. However, if failing, then the object remains unmoved and another attempt cannot be made for another 6 hours. However, if it is mathematically impossible, a raw 20 will work, but the duration between attempts increases to 24 hours in such cases. Timing is a bit of a variable as well. When busting down a door, rarely is the first strike perfectly successful. It is more of a series of blows and attempts that combine to make the success. If the adjusted roll is 3 points or higher above the DC, then it happens on the first try. If one or two points above, then two actions (or a total of 10 seconds) are used. If making it exactly (or necessary raw 20), then three actions are needed. In many cases, the timing will not matter; however, if there is someone on the other side, who opens the door in the meantime, that could be significant. However, success is success - meaning that actions on the other side to reinforce the door (or whatever) will not be significant to overturn the original feat roll. That said, adding additional barriers beyond the first, such as adding some sort of magical wall of force would be fair game.

If leverage for size is applicable or magical assistance is given, the bonuses may apply. Magical assistance will be detailed by the spell, item or potion used. Size, however, allows +1 per category above medium is typically permitted. However, if chained in a prone position, a being's size would not offer much assistance and the bonus would not be permitted. When this is in question, the GM will make the decision.

Obstacle DC
Break Simple Wooden Door13
Break Solid Wooden Door17
Burst Ropes20
Break Stone Door22
Bend Iron Bars23
Burst Iron Chains ¼-inch23
Break Reinforced/Barred Door24
Burst Iron Chains ½-inch24
Burst Steel Chains ¼-inch24
Bend Steel Bars25
Burst Steel Chains ½-inch25
Burst Iron Chains 1-inch26
Burst Steel Chains 1-inch27
Social Interactions

Completing quests and slaying monsters is part of the game; however, no less important are the social interactions with other inhabitants of the world. Interaction takes on many forms, but it breaks down to primarily two aspects: role-playing and skill-use.

The GM assumes the roles of any characters in an interaction that are not controlled by another player at the table. Any such character is called a nonplayer character (NPC). When encountering an NPC, the GM will give a brief description and a general attitude perceived about the NPC, such as friendly, indifferent, or hostile. Role-playing opens a dialog where information can be learned - or possible misinformation, depending on the goals and motivations of the other persona.

Roleplaying is, literally, the act of playing out a role. In this case, it is the player determining how a character thinks, acts, and talks, interacting with the GM, who plays the role of the NPC. There are two styles you can use when roleplaying a character: the descriptive approach and the active approach. Most players use a combination. With the descriptive approach the player describes the character’s words and actions to the GM and the other players. Drawing on mental images, the player tells what the character does and how it is done. For an active approach, the player speaks with the character’s voice, like an actor taking on a role. Perhaps even movements and body language of the character become imitated. This approach is more immersive than descriptive roleplaying, though you still need to describe things that cannot be reasonably acted out.

The GM uses the character’s actions and attitudes to determine how an NPC reacts. A cowardly goblin buckles under interrogation, while a short-tempered dwarf may challenge the players to a fight. Interactions in the game are much like interactions in real life. If NPCs are offered something they want, threaten with something they fear, or have their sympathies played upon, then often the interaction can get almost the players what they want. On the other hand, if insulted, some NPCs may grow resistant to helping the players.

When the role-playing has not played out to a clear conclusion, this is when dice get involved. To be clear, if an NPC has no intention or ability to help the players, then there is no reason to roll anything, just finish things by role-playing. However, when as a GM, it is uncertain which decision the NPC will choose, then die-rolling and player skills will make the determination.

Using the chart below, a GM can make the final call. The attitude of the NPC must be determined. In general, this falls into three areas: leaning towards helping, impartial, and tending toward not getting involved. A d20 is rolled for the NPC using those conditions (and any adjustments the GM sees fit) to be the DC to overcome. Further, skills applicable to the situation can add to the DC. In any scenario, if the NPC successfully saves, then the choice is to not give in to the desire of the players. Moreover, if a raw 20 is rolled, an impartial or disagreeable NPC may give false information just to get rid of the group.

NPC AttitudeDifficulty
Agreeable16
Impartial10
Not agreeable7

Below are a few examples:

The group captures an enemy orc. One of the players has interrogation as a skill. Information about the orc encampment is attempted to be learned by the players. The orc is hostile but fearful it may be killed. The orc might give up the information; thus, the base DC is 7. However, the interrogation skill adds +4 to that, making it an 11. The GM rolls for the orc, who scores a 9 - so, the orc give the details of the location as best it can. The players press for more information, wanting to know the number of troops there. The DC is still 11, but the GM lowers it by 1 point as the orc starts to fear his own commanders more than the player characters. The roll for this second piece of information is a 14, and the orc tells them to kiss off.

A sorcerer has cast the friends cantrip on someone outside a buring library. Normally, the request "Would you get me the book on the counter?" would be automatic under the cantrip effect; however, since the buidling is burning, the "friend" wants to help, but is fearful of the flames. The caster might suggest, "You can dart right in and out in under a few seconds" and with the bonus of the cantrip, the DC which would normally be 16 raises up to a 21. Remember, the bystander could still roll a natural 20 to avoid, but most likely he will attempt to retrieve the book.

Bartering could be a social interaction, but the skill places the check on the player rather than the NPC, as the player is using the skill to find a deal more so that haggle down a specific merchant. However, if that interaction were to come to an impasse, then this would become spirit competition save on d12. Anyone with a bartering skill would gain +3 on the roll.

Travel

Every creature has a movement rate. This is the distance in feet able to be traveled in a single round of combat. The value works on the assumption that energetic bursts of speed will occur in the midst of serious circumstances and offers an average and consistent number for game usage.

To translate this to the broader scene where combat is not occurring, other variables must be considered to determine how far a creature can travel in a few minutes, or an hour or for an entire day. First, pace is a factor. A character or group can travel at either a normal, slow or fast pace. When traveling at a fast pace, greater distance can be covered; however, a penalty of -3 is used for any Perception checks. Conversely, a slow pace yields a short distance, but it throws a -2 penalty to others’ Perception check to notice the character or group.

Base Movement Day Half-Day Hour Minute
25 feet Fast 12 miles 7 miles 2 miles 168 feet
Normal 10 miles 6 miles 1 mile 140 feet
Slow 8 miles 4 miles 1 mile 112 feet
30 feet Fast 15 miles 9 miles 2 miles 210 feet
Normal 12 miles 7 miles 2 miles 168 feet
Slow 10 miles 6 miles 1 mile 140 feet
40 feet Fast 20 miles 12 miles 3 miles 280 feet
Normal 16 miles 9 miles 2 miles 224 feet
Slow 13 miles 7 miles 2 miles 182 feet
50 feet Fast 25 miles 15 miles 4 miles 350 feet
Normal 20 miles 12 miles 3 miles 280 feet
Slow 16 miles 9 miles 2 miles 224 feet
60 feet Fast 30 miles 18 miles 5 miles 420 feet
Normal 24 miles 14 miles 4 miles 336 feet
Slow 20 miles 12 miles 3 miles 280 feet

The chart above is a good summary. Any If the sum of the parts do not add up to the whole, this is due to extra time for using the bathroom, picking up a fallen item form someone’s back, stamina, etc – or moments of unexpected ease. If more precision is needed here are the formulas. Remember to always round down, and recognize it is a little “mathy.” Estimating from the chart may be easier.

Daily travel is base ÷ 2.5 for normal, ÷ 3 for slow, and ÷ 2 for fast. Half-day is 0.6 × Daily. Hourly travel is 0.3 × Half-day. Finally, one minute of travel is 14 × Daily.

All the speeds given above assume relatively simple terrain: roads, open plains, or clear dungeon corridors. But adventurers often face dense forests, deep swamps, rubble-filled ruins, steep mountains, and ice-covered ground—all considered difficult terrain. Movement is at half speed in difficult terrain—moving 1 foot in difficult terrain costs 2 feet of speed; therefore, characters can cover only half the normal distance in a minute, an hour, or a day when moving through difficult terrain.

The distances above also assume only eight hours of travel. Moving beyond this time falls into a rule known as a forced march. For each additional hour of travel over eight hours, the characters cover the distance shown in the Hour column for their pace, terrain and exhaustion; however, at the end of each hour, each traveler must also perform a body feat. The DC for the feat is based at 10 but gains +1 for each hour of the force march condition. On a failed save, a traveler suffers one degree of exhaustion.

Mounts

Mounts and steeds are a common part of any fantasy role-playing game. In Enchanted Realms, anyone can get atop a mount and ride in a general sense. However, having a steed does not give many advantages without certain skills. The animal’s miles per day value can be obtained by riding. Additionally, while mounted, normal combat can be performed but with without mountsmanship the fighter is at disadvantage for all attacks and actions. Further, this assumes melee is reasonable while mounted. For example, if fighting rats from atop a horse, the GM would rule that this could not be done.

Maneuverability of the unskilled rider is another issue. Unlike being on foot and changing directions quickly, the inexperienced rider cannot turn his beast easily. Unless at a complete stop (and not moving during a hex-move opportunity), the steed must take two movements in the same direction before changing, and the angle of change can never be tighter than a 60° angle, which will require 10 movement hexes to reverse direction. However, with a Mountsmanship skill, a rider can perform a barrel-racing feat and turn much tighter, needing only one movement hex before turning, making a reversal of direction a much quicker process.

Further limitations exist for riding of a steed. The first of which is the effects of pace. Without mountsmanship, the speed of the animal is used, but a fast pace cannot be obtained for any calculation. Even with skills, the stealthy advantages on an opponent’s Perception are not obtained at a slow pace when riding mounts.

Below is a chart of the most common mounts, listed with movement rate. Remember that the daily mileage value is based on optimal terrain, just as the movement chart above. This should be adjusted when traveling otherwise.

  Movement Rate
Mount Burden Barding Unskilled Skilled Daily Daily(Fast)
Borgaaz 800 pounds Yes 55 feet 70 feet 28 miles 35 miles
Centuries of crossbreeding have produced this domesticated bovine-like creature with their ancestry from gorgonops, bear, oxen and boar. One stands about four feet to the shoulder and weighs nearly 1000 pounds. It has cloven back feet and clawed paws in the front. These beasts can be loaded with 800 pounds of pack. They can be ridden and even trained to fight, but this such training is far more difficult than typical war beasts, making their use as mounts reserved only for high stations in orcish society. Orcs can ride without a skill. Others can ride these beasts but require special training.
Dolphin 300 pounds No 75 feet 90 feet 36 miles 45 miles
Most likely ridden by aquatic races, dolphins can swim are great speeds. If a land-dweller were to ride one, he or she would need to have the Sea Horse skill as well as having a tamed dolphin trained to be ridden. Should one keep a dolphin as a pet, they cost 5 bits in expenses monthly.
Elephant 2000 pounds Yes 50 feet 65 feet 26 miles 32 miles
Elephants are large and powerful, but slow and expensive to maintain. They have no climbing ability and can only traverse flat ground. They can carry 2000 pounds, but elephants require 50 bits in maintenance each month in food alone. Barding and tack cost 10 bits per month to maintain.
Eagle, Giant 250 pounds No 75 feet 90 feet   45 miles
Giant eagles require an aerial reins skill to ride. They must also be born in captivity to be able to be trained to ride. Their availability is rarer, and maintenance costs run around 25 bits per month.
Goat, Terrac 200 pounds No 45 feet 60 feet 24 miles 30 miles
Goats are not really beasts of burden, but some specific breeds can be ridden by dwarves. However, they are not pack animals and can only carry dwarves due to a unique the specially bred shoulders and withers of the riding stock. One nice advantage of goats is their ability to traverse mountainous and rocky terrain, allowing them to climb up to 45° angles in such environments. Goats cost are low, averaging about 3 bits per month.
Gryphon 600 pounds No 105 feet 120 feet   60 miles
These bird-mammals can be domesticated and are large enough to carry two human-sized riders. They can transport up to 600 pounds while flying. Like all other flyers, to ride one, an aerial reins skill is needed; however, if the initial rider is skilled, the second passenger does not need to be. While capable of traveling great distances, the downside to using a gryphon as a mount is their diet of horse meat, making their monthly maintenance cost at least 100 bits.
Horse 500 pounds Yes 85 feet 100 feet 40 miles 50 miles
 (Draft Breed) 800 pounds Yes 65 feet 80 feet 32 miles 40 miles
When it comes to speed, horses are the fastest of all land-based mounts. While they are reasonably sure-footed, horses can only manage rough terrain up to 30° angles. Horses can carry up to 500 pounds. Draft breeds vary. Further, their height and withers make dwarves less fit to ride them. Special saddles are needed for dwarves and without one, miles per day drop to 34. The maintenance cost of a horse runs around 10 bits per month. If it is a war horse with barding, then an additional 5 bits each month is needed.
Lizard Steed 1000 pounds Yes 55 feet 70 feet 28 miles 35 miles
Not as fast as horses, lizards can carry heavier riders and have great climbing ability. There creatures can also act as pack animals, carrying up to 1000 pounds. With assistance with their front claws, Further, they can ascend and descend any rough terrain of even 60° angles and perfectly smooth surfaces up to 45° at a climbing-movement rate of 30 feet, even while mounted. Lizard Steeds eat less, making their maintenance only 6 bits per month, but if barding is used, then an additional 5 bits is required.
Llama 350 pounds No 45 feet 60 feet 24 miles 30 miles
Llamas are slow-riding mounts. They are pack animals, beasts of burden and steeds for lighter and smaller races. They can carry up to 350 pounds. Llamas are often kept as guards because of their perception and communication abilities. Like goats, llamas have a low maintenance cost – only 3 bits monthly.
Mule 600 pounds No 40 feet 55 feet 22 miles 27 miles
Mules are pack animals, which may be ridden by dwarves, haflings or anyone under 5 feet tall. While slower than a horse, mules can be loaded with up to 600 pounds of items. Their maintenance cost runs 8 bits per month.
Osprider 150 pounds No 60 feet 75 feet 30 miles 37 miles
Not much faster than walking speed, the ospriders appeal come from the appearance and prestige. Further, they are excellent mounts for treacherous terrain, as They ignore flat difficult terrain, and they can climb sheer edges of 75° at a moment rate of 40 feet without requiring any checks. However, they cannot climb perfectly smooth surfaces greater than 30°. However, they cannot use barding due to their builds. Ospriders require special grooming to make the seating area able to be ridden. Because of their prestige, adornments are often included in the grooming which can up their maintenance cost to whatever the rider is willing to spend, but ornamentation will have a minimum 5 bits monthly addition. Feeding ospriders is relatively cheap at 5 bits per month; however, again, the celebrity of owning on of this riding birds often comes with quality name brand foods which could go well over the limit. However, this means the absolute minimum maintenance for an osprider is 10 bits monthly. However, if ownership is based on a social network, not properly feeding expensive foods and not employing decorative grooming could lead to snobbery.
Pegasus 200 pounds No 105 feet 120 feet   60 miles
Pegasi are strong flyers but are not great beasts of burden, as their bone structure is lighter than other equines. They can only carry 200 pounds in flight and about the same when traveling by foot. Pegasi are not domesticated as other livestock, but they will allow ally riders if a relationship is well established. Part of the maintaining the relationship is caring for one, which runs around 20 bits each month in food. Obviously, these magnificent beasts require an aerial reins skill to ride.
Seahorse, Giant 400 pounds No 35 feet 50 feet 20 miles 25 miles
The giant seahorse cannot be domesticated by surface people. They will die if kept in captivity. However, if during an underwater adventure (and the ability to breathe under the sea), a PC could ride one is having the sea horse skill.
Timber-Elk 400 pounds No 75 feet 90 feet 36 miles 45 miles
Timber-Elk are not great with speed but can carry up to 400 pounds. However, they can only travel on relatively flat ground, only able to climb hills of less than 20° angles. The advantage of Timber-Elk is their ability to travel in tundra, snow and ice at their optimal pace. The Timber-Elk eats 10 bits monthly.
Wolf, Dire 80 pounds No 105 feet 120 feet 48 miles 60 miles
Goblins would likely be the only rider of a dire wolf.

A couple of notes on the traveling speeds of mounts. It should be obvious that flying speeds are always calculated at a fast pace. Further, burden can be used for land-based beasts who to calculate towing capacity if teamed to a wagon. The calculation is five times the burden. As an example, a team of two horses could pull a wagon weight of 5000 pounds.

Recovery

Injuries and wounds are part of the game. Therefore, it is important understand what the numbers mean and how quickly one can recover. The assumption is body points are a combination of physical toughness, tenacity and luck, but not specifically one of these things. Therefore, a character or monster may be wounded, bruised and bleeding, prior to zero-hp; however, those afflictions are superficial.

Short Rest

A short rest is a period of downtime, at least one-hour long, during which a character does nothing more strenuous than eating, drinking, reading, and tending to wounds. Through the short rest a character recovers his or her bonus value in body points. Thus, a character with a max body score of 3 would recover 1 point. Of course, recovered points cannot exceed maximum scores. Furthermore, body recovery from a short rest can only be performed once until after experiencing a long rest.

For mind point recovery, the player has a few options. First only one can be chosen, and all mind recovery options can only be performed once from a short rest until a long rest occurs. The mind score itself can be restored, using the same rules as body, only using the mind modifiers instead. As a second option, spell points can be recovered. The number of spell points recovered are equal to the mind modifier value as well. Thus, a sorcerer at her max mind of 5 would recover two spell points from the obvious choice of options. However, only one of the two options, quality points or spell points, can be gained. Regardless of recovery option, no score can exceed its maximum.

Spirit recover is identical to mind recover, only the options are for the quality score itself or to be used to recover priestly points. Like all others, maximums cannot be exceeded, and a short rest can only benefit a character once until after a long rest has been taken.

Even though it has not been mentioned, it should be explicitly clear that a short rest will not aid in exhaustion in any way.

Long Rest

A long rest is a period of extended downtime, at least eight-hours long but it could be longer, during which a character sleeps of performs light activity: reading, talking, eating, or standing watch, so long as at least six hours of the rest include sleeping. If a long rest is interrupted by a period of strenuous activity, defined as an hour or more of walking, fighting, casting spells, or similar adventuring activity, then no benefit can be gained from it.

At the end of a long rest, a character regains all lost body, mind and spirit points – unless existing in a near-death state of being zero or negative. Further, 10 spell points and 10 priestly points are recovered from a long rest. Of course, this recovery cannot exceed the maximum points obtained. And this benefit is also restricted if existing in a near-death state.

Finally, a long rest will remove one degree of exhaustion.

Death Saves

Only upon reaching zero or negative values is a life-threatening wound inflicted. Death absolutely occurs without exception with the negative value of body points equal or exceeding the positive maximum hit point value. Temporary hit points to max are not considered.

Typically, if a monster reaches zero, the PCs will have no plans to save its life and therefore it can be considered dead for all intents and purposes. However, a fallen comrade is another thing. As stated above, from zero to negative-max, the character is in a state of dying but not yet truly dead. Below are the steps for resolving how long it takes in game time (and if it happens) before real death happens.

Body ScoreDC
04
-16
-28
-310
-412
-514
-616
-718
-820
-922
-1024
-1126
-1228

When at zero or negative, on the character’s turn, he or she makes a roll known as a Death Save. This special roll continues to happen each turn until the character stabilizes or the character dies. The Death Save is now special body preservation save where the rolls act as if the character were at max health for bonuses applied; thus, with a max body score of 3, then d20+1 is used. Further, any active magical items, perhaps a ring of protection, can assist. The DC for the Death Save is 4 plus 2 for each negative point of the current health. Thus, if a character with a body max of 4 is at -2 hit points, then on his or her turn a Death Save is rolled against a DC 8. If the Death Save fails, the character suffers an additional body point of damage, delving deeper into the negative values, spiraling towards death from internal bleeding, asphyxiation, shock or whatever the cause. However, if the save is successful, the character stabilizes and stops losing life; however, the severely injured person does not regain consciousness and is still at a negative value.

If additional damage is inflicted while at zero or negative, assuming the blow did not kill the character, it means the new value is used to calculate the DC for the next Death Save. Even if the character were stable, the new damage places him or her back to a dying status.

Other potential harm comes from moving or dragging a negative and still unstable character. This forces an immediate Death Save, inflicting another point on failure. Even if successful, stability is not the result, but rather the injured is merely fortunately not to have been damaged further. The timing of this occurrence is at the action of the person moving the injured character.

The rules for healing by a short and long rest no longer apply to a negative or zero body score character. Recovery is slow at one body point per day. Typically, negative but stable characters are unconscious; however, with each day’s recovery of another body point, another “Death Save” is made using the same rules for the DC value. If failing, the character remains unconscious but is still stable. If successful, then the injured character becomes conscious, suffering the combined restrictions of being both restrained and stunned. However, pointing, gesturing, one-to-two-word responses for communication becomes possible.

Finally, whenever a character enters a “Death Save” process, one degree of exhaustion is added to the character. This includes reoccurrences into a “Death Save” process from a new injuring while still being negative. Thus, someone reaching -1 body and stabilizing suffers one degree of exhaustion; however, while still negative another point is inflicted, taking the person to -2 body, then stabilizes again, a second degree of exhaustion will penalize to the character.

Exhaustion

Environmental conditions, such as starvation and the long-term effects of exposure, can lead to a special condition called exhaustion. As mentioned previously, this also occurs when a character approaches death’s door. When a creature suffers a circumstance which exhausts it, a degree is added. If the creature has not been able to recover and another circumstance occurs, a second degree occurs; then a third, and so on.

DegreeEffect
1Disadvantage on all feat and contest saves; preservation saves are normal
2Movement is halved
3Disadvantage on all saves
4Disadvantage on attack rolls
5Movement becomes zero
6+One point of damage occurs, randomly selected between body, mind and spirit

Upon reaching the 6th degree of exhaustion, when losing a point from a quality score, this is considered a negative-temporary point. This means that the acting maximum is lowered by the number of negative temporary points. Thus, if the mind score, normally 3 as a max, is lowered by one point, then until that degree of exhaustion is removed, the max-mind score is effectively 2.

When an event or effort removes exhaustion, it does not remove all the exhaustion but rather only one degree, unless the effect explicitly states otherwise. For example, a long rest will remove exhaustion. However, if a character has two degrees of exhaustion, then it will require two separate long rests to be fully recovered.

Asphyxiation

A character can hold his or her breath for the number of rounds equal to the square of his current body score. Thus, if body is currently 2 points, then the person has 40 seconds before the effects of not breathing begin. In this example, if underwater or caught in a non-magical gas, then the victim has 4 actions to free himself before the asphyxiation damage begins at a rate on 1 body point per round, inflicted at the end of a creature’s turn.

No cantrips, axioms or divine powers can be used while holding one’s breath. A further restriction of not breathing is that all attacks and saves are rolled at disadvantage while one’s breath is being held. Once asphyxiation begins, the victim suffers an added degree of exhaustion. If falling to a zero-value body score, the point of body damage from asphyxiation occurs atop any damage from the “Death Save.”

Dehydration

Water is required to survive. Roughly a half-gallon per day is needed. If exposed to direct sunlight for most of the day or the temperature is over 80 degrees, then a whole gallon of water would be required. When rivers, streams, canteens, etc. are available, this measure is unnecessary. However, when water is scarce, the effects on a person may have to be factored in game play.

Whenever a creature spends a day with less than half the water requirement, then one unit of under-hydration is tracked. If a creature spends an entire day with no water, then two units are suffered. As the units accrue, negative-temporary points are doled out to the creature randomly against body, mind or spirit. As with the 6th degree of exhaustion, these negative-temporary points lower the effective maximum value of the quality.

One day of normal hydration will remove a negative-temporary point. If there are multiple qualities down from dehydration, then after the end of day, one is selected randomly to be restored.

Starvation

Medium creatures need about a pound of food daily, while small ones need only half the amount. When calculating a day’s provision, one day’s worth can feed two small creatures. Typically, this is not a concern; however, if the storyline enters a malnutrition arc, here is what happens as a result.

If eating less than the required amount for the day, then after three-consecutive days of malnutrition, a negative-temporary point is inflicted against one of the character’s quality max scores. A normal day of eating will remove a negative-temporary point. As with dehydration, if more than one quality has been affected, then one is selected at random.

Poisons

Poison is a substance that is introduced into a creature’s system which causes a damaging effect. Poisons come in the following four types:

Contact: Contact poison can be smeared on an object and remains potent for long periods of time until it is touched or washed off. A creature that touches contact poison with exposed skin suffers its effects. A GM may rule that contact poison can be used as an injury poison with half-effectiveness (i.e., the victim saves with advantage).

Ingested: A creature must swallow an entire dose of ingested poison to suffer its effects. The dose can be delivered in food or a liquid. The GM may decide that a partial dose has a reduced effect, such as allowing advantage on the saving throw or dealing only half damage on a failed save.

Inhaled: These poisons are powders or gases that take effect when inhaled. Blowing the powder or releasing the gas subjects creatures in a 5-foot cube to its effect. The resulting cloud dissipates immediately afterward. Holding one’s breath is ineffective against inhaled poisons, as they infiltrate nasal membranes, tear ducts, and other parts of the body and are designed to intermix with a creature’s lifesong.

Injury: Injury poison can be applied to weapons, ammunition, traps, and other objects that deal piercing or slashing damage and remains potent for 10 minutes or until delivered through a wound or washed off. A creature that takes piercing or slashing damage from an object coated with the poison is exposed to its effects. Traps often seal the poison in a container and typically do not expire after 10 minutes. However, when applying to weapons, one dose is applied to a single weapon or can be spread over 4 items of ammo.

Regardless of the type, if a creature becomes subject to a poison, assuming it is not immune, the creature must roll a preservation save to see whether the effects can be avoided. Thus, each poison has a DC value. If the save does not overcome the DC, then the effects of the poison are induced. Once affected, the minimum result is the victim will be under the poisoned restriction for the duration of the effect, which means preservation saves and feats are rolled at disadvantage; all attacks made by the victim are at disadvantage as well.

Poisons take effect instantly, unless stated otherwise in their descriptions. Also, when a poison affects a creature, its dosage is consumed. This means an injury poison placed on a weapon, which remains potent for 10 minutes, are delivered on an injury, making future strikes from this weapon ineffective for delivering that poison again without adding a new dose.

For those with poison resistance, then that victim is at advantage for the save. If the effect is at half-effectiveness for whatever reason, then the resistant creature should be assumed to be immune. If the poison does affect the resistant target, any damage to quality scores inflicted are at half-damage. Thus one point per incident will not occur. Further, durations are halved, and any bonuses on perpetual saves during the effect are double.

PoisonType  DC  Duration Effect Recovery Anti-venom
BloomburnInhaled, InjuryB:116 hrPoisoned; Deafenedn/aAll penalties removed
BrittleskinInjuryB:92 hrPoisoned; Chance to Bleedn/aAll penalties removed
ChokeoozeContactB:13VariesPoisoned; Asphyxiation;SpecialRestriction removed, but body and exhaustion heal normally
DeathbaneInjuryB:1030 minPoisonedn/aRestriction removed
DuskangerInjuryB:101 hourPoisoned; BodyBody: Normal healingRestriction removed, but body points return by healing
GhoulclawInjuryB:1210 minPoisoned; MovementSpecialAll penalties removed
GoblinmangeContactB:1424 hrInitiative Onlyn/aAll penalties removed
HornmysticContactM:95 minPoisoned; Prevents Magicn/aAll penalties removed
IceripInhaled, InjuryS:1130 minPoisoned; Blindedn/aAll penalties removed
Iocane DustInhaledB:1015 minPoisonedn/aRestriction removed
MindcrankIngestedM:91 hrPoisoned; MindSpecialRestriction removed, but mind points return as recovery
NightvineIngestedB:1130 minPoisonedn/aRestriction removed
NeurostenchInjuryM:101 hrPoisoned; MindSpecialRestriction removed, but mind points return as recovery
ShadebloodInjuryB:103 hrsPoisoned; Weaknessn/aRestriction removed
Tears of DoubtInjuryS:101 hrPoisoned; SpiritSpecialRestriction removed, but spirit points return as recovery
VenomoozeContactB:930 minPoisonedn/aRestriction removed
YawnspawnIngested, InjuryM:830 secSleepSpecialRestriction removed

Bloomburn: A creature subjected to this poison must make a body preservation save (DC:11). On a failed save, the victim suffers the poisoned and deafened restrictions for the next six hours. There is no special recovery; however, if an anti-venom procedure (whether magical or alchemical) occurs, it will remove all penalties.

Brittleskin: When a victim is exposed to this poison, that creature must make a body preservation save (DC:9). On a failed save, then target becomes subject to a bleeding effect whenever injured by future slashing or piercing damage. This effect lasts for two hours in addition to the poisoned restriction. Whenever such an injury does occur, the victim must make another body preservation save (DC:6) or suffer an additional point of body damage. There is no special recovery; however, if an anti-venom procedure occurs, it will remove all penalties.

Chokeooze: This contact poison will force a creature who comes in contact with it to make a body preservation save (DC:13). If failing that save, the creature immediately suffers anaphylaxis which prevents the breathing airway to work. This means the creature begins asphyxiation. The victim is allowed to make new saves at the end of its turn and will gain +1 on the roll for each passing save. Thus, the failed save creates the effect, but the next save is roll at +1, and the one after that at +2, etc. This continued save occurs until the victim recovers or dies. Once the victim overcomes the poison, healing from this poison occurs under the normal rules of healing. If an anti-venom procedure occurs, it will stop the asphyxiation, but body points and exhaustion require normal healing.

Deathbane: A creature subjected to this poison must make a body preservation save (DC:10). On a failed save, the victim suffers the poisoned restrictions for a duration of 30 minutes. There is no special recovery; however, if an anti-venom procedure occurs, it will remove all penalties.

Duskanger: When a victim is exposed to this poison, that creature must make a body preservation save (DC:10). On a failed save, then target suffers one point of body damage and is penalized by the poisoned restriction. This restriction lasts for one hour. There is no special recovery and body-point losses must heal normally. If an anti-venom procedure occurs, it will remove the poisoned penalties, but it will not restore lost body points.

Ghoulclaw: This poison carries a paralysis effect. When a creature is subjected to ghoulclaw, the victim must make a body preservation save (DC:12). Upon failing the save, the target suffers the poisoned restriction but also has its movement reduced by 10 feet. Cumulative dosages will continue to reduce movement until the victim reaches zero movement. This slowed effect remains for 10 minutes; however, recovery from the toxin is not instantaneous. After 10 minutes from the last dosage, the poisoned restriction is removed, but the movement is restored in increments of 10 feet each passing 10-minute duration after. if an anti-venom procedure occurs, it will remove all penalties, including the movement loss.

Goblinmange: A creature subjected to this poison must make a body preservation save (DC:14). On a failed save, the victim does not suffers the normal poisoned restrictions but rather suffers a very itchy pink rash for the next 24 hours, during which the target suffers -2 to all initiative rolls due to the irritant. There is no special recovery; however, if an anti-venom procedure occurs, it will remove the initiative delay. Further a remove disease invocation will also instantly cure the effects.

Hornmystic: A creature that makes contact with this poison must make a mind preservation save (DC:9). On a failed save, the victim suffers the poisoned restrictions for the next five minutes. But also in that duration, concentration becomes very difficult to maintain, resulting in spell-casting being unable to occur. This is true whether by cantrip, axiom, or divine power. There is no special recovery; however, if an anti-venom procedure occurs, it will remove all penalties and restored the ability to perform magic.

Icerip: A creature subjected to this poison must succeed on a spirit preservation save (DC:11) or be poisoned and blinded for 30 minutes. There is no special recovery; however, if an anti-venom procedure occurs, it will remove both penalties.

Iocane Dust: When subjected to this poison, a creature must make a body preservation save (DC:10) or suffer the poisoned restriction for the following 15 minutes. There is no special recovery, and an anti-venom procedure will remove the penalty.

Mindcrank: This poison directly attacks the victim’s mind score. When subjected to the poison, the creature must make a mind preservation save (DC:9). On a failed save, the victim suffers one point of mind damage and is penalized by the poisoned restriction. This restriction lasts for one hour. While unlikely to get someone to imbibe such a quantity, this poison can cause a mind-death. After the duration expires, then for each passing hour, one point of mind score is restored. If an anti-venom procedure occurs, it will remove the poisoned penalties, but it will not restore lost mind points; however, mind points will continue to recover one point per hour.

Nightvine: A creature subjected to this poison must make a body preservation save (DC:11). On a failed save, the victim suffers the poisoned restrictions for a duration of 30 minutes. There is no special recovery; however, if an anti-venom procedure occurs, it will remove all penalties.

Neurostench: When subjected to this poison, the creature must make a mind preservation save (DC:10). On a failed save, the victim suffers one point of mind damage and is penalized by the poisoned restriction. This restriction has a duration of one hour. This poison will not reduce a victim below a zero mind score nor will it cause a mind-death. After that hour, then for each passing hour, one point of mind score is restored. If an anti-venom procedure occurs, it will remove the poisoned penalties, but it will not restore lost mind points; however, mind points will continue to recover one point per hour.

Shadeblood: A creature subjected to this poison must make a body preservation save (DC:10). On a failed save, the victim suffers the poisoned restrictions for three hours. In addition, the creature has a loss of physical strength. This translates to a -2 to hit on any melee attacks and a -2 penalty for any feat or competition involving strength, such as grappling. There is no special recovery; however, if an anti-venom procedure occurs, it will remove all penalties.

Tears of Doubt: When subjected to this poison, the creature must make a spirit preservation save (DC:10). On a failed save, the victim suffers one point of spirit damage and is penalized by the poisoned restriction. This poison will not reduce a victim below a zero spirit score nor will it cause a spirit-death. The restriction has a duration of one hour. After that hour, then for each passing hour, one point of spirit score is restored. If an anti-venom procedure occurs, it will remove the poisoned penalties, but it will not restore lost spirit points; however, spirit points will continue to recover one point per hour.

Venomooze: A creature subjected to this poison must make a body preservation save (DC:9). On a failed save, the victim suffers the poisoned restrictions for a duration of 30 minutes. There is no special recovery; however, if an anti-venom procedure occurs, it will remove all penalties.

Yawnspawn: When this poison is introduced to a creature, the victim must make a mind preservation save (DC:8) or fall unconscious. This sleep effect lasts for 30 seconds or until wakened. If a slept creature suffers damage or another uses an action to wake the sleeper, then the victim will rise again with no poison restriction; otherwise, a victim suffers the unconscious restriction. There is no special recovery; however, if an anti-venom procedure occurs, it will remove all penalties and waken the victim if he or she has remained unconscious.

Disease

People get sick. Disease is part of life, even the adventurer’s life. In this subsection are the rules and details of how to manage when someone is potentially exposed to a specific disease. There are several variables, including what the disease is, how and how quickly it is spread, and the degree of severity or risk of fatality there might be.

In the world of Enchanted Realms, germs and microbes are really a thing. The concept of disease is more similar to miasmatic theory, where disease exists due to a noxious form of “bad air” created because of rotting organic matter mixing with evil and cursed strains of energy existing in the world. As a result, weather doesn't often carry this “bad air” but rather this pollution settles upon objects or persons who become carriers or victims. Typically one catches a disease due to exposure to a bad object or location. Therefore, disease is not something that will be checked routinely, but only when there is a chance for actual exposure.

RollSeverity
01-10MildHalf duration, half effect or possible asymptomatic
11-85Normal 
86-98FierceDouble duration
99-00ExtremeTriple duration; make another feat save a few days after recovery for re-infection

Of course, exposure comes in different ways: touch, breathing the contagion, ingestion, or perhaps being in the proximity of something. Once the exposure occurs, the GM will secretly roll a feat save against the DC of the disease. At this point, the character is infected. The disease will incubate for a specific time before symptoms occur. Next the GM must determine the severity of the illness that sets in. Unless otherwise noted, the default for severity is determine by the table to the right. Mild cases might not show any symptoms, especially if the victim cannot be affected in a notable way, such as a non-priest character having abyssal fever. However, the infected would still have unusual sweating and be a carrier of the disease. If the severity is worse than normal, then death saves may occur daily for the potential of body point losses at the discretion of the GM; these death saves can occur even if the victim has positive points.

After the incubation period, symptoms will occur. The disease will exist within that person’s lifesong for the duration. Effects of the illness will occur for that duration. If the disease is contagious by touch or proximity, then the diseased person may pass the disease to others during this time. The recovery of the losses will return based on the type of disease the person had.

Of course, due to how diseases work, there is little doubt that powerful beings and perhaps even well-funded evil organizations will develop methods to weaponize the terrible illnesses.

DiseaseExposure  DC  Incubation Duration Recovery Severity
Abyssal FeverTouchB:151d10 days3d10 daysStandardNormal: 11-00
Ashen PlagueAirborneB:10
Elves B:15
5d10 hrs2d10 daysSpecialStandard
Cerebral PyreIngestionM:122d4 hrs3d10 hrsStandardStandard
Crimson FeverAirborneB:165d10 hrs2d10 daysStandardStandard
EyesoreAirborne
Touch
B:92d6 hrs4d10 hrsStandardStandard
Hangman's DistemperTouchB:145d10 hrs1d6 weeksStandardStandard
Lunar CombustionTouchB:112d4 days1d10 daysStandardNormal: 11-00
Necrotic RotTouchB:152d4 hours4d6 hoursSpecialStandard
Rat FeverTouchB:105d10 hrs10d10 hoursSpecialStandard
Timber ShiversAirborne
Forests
B:12
Elves B:8
5d10 hrs1d10 daysStandardStandard

Abyssal Fever: Fever which causes sweat, which is a mild form of unholy water. If others touch the sweat, it causes itching and possible contraction. During infection, divine skills and incantations require a successful spirit feat (DC:11) to successfully use. Further, priestly points used do not recover while infected. Once the disease clears, any divine abilities return without difficulty and priestly points restore at a normal rate. This disease can incubate without symptoms for 1d10 days, this of course means that those not divinely-aligned may be asymptomatic carriers.

Ashen Plague: Elves are more susceptible than other races. The sickness causes vomiting and bleeding from the ears. The victim will require a week of bed rest to recover. If disregarding bed rest, the victim will temporarily lose 1 point of body max per day after onset. Max body returns to normal at a rate of 1 per day after the disease passes. However, if the body reaches zero because of strenuous activity, then there is a 10% chance of death by hemorrhaging.

Cerebral Pyre: Contracted within a few hours of eating or drinking something tainted, this disease reaches the victim’s brain, producing horrific pain inside one's head. It will cause one to scream and claw at the scalp and face. Fortunately, the effects pass quickly. In the meantime, Sorcery requires a mind feat (DC:17) to successfully cast a spell; and even cantrips require a mind feat of DC:8. Combat is at disadvantage, and initiative suffer -3 penalty. Further, all saves (other than those listed specifically in this description) suffer -1 on the roll.

Crimson Fever: When contracted, this turns the skin to a reddish hue and is associated with aching pains. While sick, movement is halved. Mild cases do not affect movement, but skin color changes. If severity is fierce or extreme, then movement is one-quarter.

Eyesore: When infected, one’s eyes swell and become covered in a fuzzy mold. During this time, the victim is under the blind restriction. After 4d10 hours, the spores burst and spread in the air. Anyone in the immediate area must make a body feat save (DC:9) or become infected as well.

Hangman's Distemper: This disease produces a strange bruised ring around the neck, eyes bulge, and breathing is difficult. Coughing up blood is typical. Movement is halved. Sorcery requires a mind feat against DC:6 to successfully cast. Combat is at disadvantage, initiative suffers a -1 penalty, and all saves suffer a -1 on the roll.

Lunar Combustion: This illness causes a severe sensitivity to moonlight, which can create a skin burning like that of a painful sunburn. If a moonburn happens, the victim’s movement is half of normal.

Necrotic Rot: This fast-acting disease turns the skin dead, causing it to rot and fall off. It’s disgusting and smells bad. Every six hours during infection, the diseased must make another body feat save (DC:15) or suffer a point of body damage which does not heal under normal rules. It cannot be healed by wound care or field medicine; however, divine or alchemical methods will restore the flesh. If not magically healed, the restoration of body points after the illness has passed will occur at one point per day.

Rat Fever: The disease causes weakness and fever which lasts for 2 to 3 days. The victim will require bed rest to recover, and only then does the timer for recovery begin. If disregarding bed rest, the victim will functionally lose 1 point of body max per day after onset. Max body returns immediately to normal after the disease runs its course; however, any healing will still require a long rest.

Timber Shivers: It is not a common infection, but it is usually due to be exposed to forests. As groves tending to be the carrier, elves have bred themselves to a special resistance to this disease, making their DC on 8 to contract the malady. It causes twitching and trembling, resulting in the inability to perform delicate tasks. While infected, the victim’s combat attacks suffer -1 per each die. Further, there is a 20% chance of losing bladder control in combat or other stressful situations.

Falling

Falling is another potentially harmful occurrences which happen. Characters and monsters can be seriously injured from falling damage - and in ways beyond body points. For each ten feet of falling, then the crashing being must make a body preservation save against a DC 8; however, for each compounded ten feet fallen, the DC for each die roll becomes a point higher. This continues to a maximum of 5 dice.

HeightDCSaving Dice
10 to 19 feet81d20
20 to 29 feet92d20
30 to 39 feet103d20
40 to 49 feet114d20
50+ feet125d20

For each failed save, the fallen victim will suffer 1 point of body damage and 1 degree of exhaustion. A successful save avoids any penalty from that die. Unless specified differently, any damage inflicted from a fall will be blunt damage. However, falling into a pit of spikes would be ruled by the GM as piercing damage. Furthermore, any damage from a fall occurs simultaneously. Thus, any resistance would be against the entire potential of 5 body points rather than each single failed save.

Mind-Spirit Death

When wounded badly enough that the body score hits zero or lower, then physical death becomes a real possibility. However, what happens when the mind or spirit score reach zero. Of course, if scores lowered but are still positive, sorcery or divine powers may not work, but when reaching zero, that’s a whole new extent of seriousness.

If reaching zero but not going negative, then one degree of exhaustion occurs from the stress of the ordeal. After one day of rest, the score will raise to 1 point with the exhaustion still intact. It is inconvenient and requires the loss of a day, but no long-term penalties would exist.

Entering the negative values is when things become difficult. It requires one full day of resting to restore a single point of mind or spirit when in such shock. However, at the end of each day, a special save is made before the point is restored. Using the save calculation as the “Death Save” for body, the wounded character must roll against the appropriate DC based on the current negative score. Whether successful or not, the point is restored; however, if the save is missed, then one point from that qualities max values is lost. Thus, if the sorcerer had a mind score of 5, it would become a 4 – permanently (or until more karma could be used to raise it again).

Of course, if the new max score becomes zero in the process, the character becomes unplayable. This would be a complete cognitive divergence from reality for the mind and an endless coma of fear for the spirit.

To be clear, this only happens when the current score is negative. When resting that final day at zero, there is no save required. Depending on how adversely affected a character might be from this, the GM or player may wish to add to the story by introducing some mental issues, insanity, deliberate misinformation, etc. It should not be harmful to gameplay, as the penalty against the quality’s maximum has already suffered; however, it might be a way to introduce a different story or personality into the game.

Illusions

Certain spells, abilities and items can create illusions. There are basically three subtypes of illusion. It is important to understand what each is because who they affect their victims is different with different immunities. Also note that charming, while magical, is not an illusion. Some illusions may affect the mind in a way that seems like a charm; however, these are too different types of magic.

The three subtypes of illusions are glamours, phantasms and shrouds. All verbiage in the printed material are very specific in usage to ensure what kind of illusion is in being applied.

Glamours

Glamour illusions create actual images, sounds and smells. Think of this magical stimulus as holograms where all observers respond to the perception. However, senses to perceive the illusion is required. Thus, non-ocular undead, such as skeletons, would not be affected by a visual glamour; however, a vampire, which does have normal vision, would be able to see, and potentially be fooled by a glamour. For a nearly mindless creatures, like a Mind-Zero animal, any save would automatically fail against a visual glamour, whereby the creature would react according to its nature.

Phantasms

Phantasms are illusions in the psyche of the victim. They are merely perception, albeit often powerful one. Nonetheless, only the minds affected can “see” or “hear” the illusion. Others may wonder why their ally is wrestling “nothing” on the ground. Mindless undead, plant-monsters, and other creatures who are not affected by mind-altering magic are immune from these types of illusions. Further, if someone has dark mind or other mind-shielding, phantasms may not be able to affect him or her.

Shrouds

Shrouds are illusions that alters, conceals or modifies the perceivable messages of an object. This is similar to a glamour illusion in that the image or sound is real, observable to anyone able to sense it. However, it alters and masks the light, sounds, smells or tactile information. In some cases, such as veil, it conceals the information. In other cases, shrouds alter the imagery. Those of lesser intellect would react to shrouds the same way as a glamour, even in the face of things that would defy logic to a thinking being. Where a person bumping into an invisible object would deduce something is there, the mindless strix would not realize there was anything beyond its sensory perception.

Even when an illusion is known to be false, what persists depends on its subtype. Nothing in the environment changes for glamour illusions and shrouds. The deception may be known, but the “hologram” or background-noise would still be seen and heard. However, once discovering that a phantasm is only an illusion, the perception will vanish. However, a GM might find it fun to take some psychological parting shots as the nightmare fades away over six or seven seconds for story-telling value.

Underwater

There will be opportunities to have adventures below the lake surface or in the depths of oceans. The first concern is breathing. If no magical means is provided for characters to breath underwater, then the rules of asphyxiation are first at play.

Once surviving underwater is established, then movement and combat become important details. When a character has swimming or flow, then movement is well defined by those skills. However, for the one who has imbibed the everbreath potion but has not mode of swimming, neither natural or magical, it can be slow-going. Pulling oneself through the water with no skill is a base movement of 10 feet, but this is further modified by armor penalties. Therefore, said character might be able to breathe but may also sink to the ocean floor.

Finally, if aquatic adventurers resolve all the other issues, managing combat must be understood. First, creatures and objects that are fully immersed in water have resistance to fire damage - not that much occurs in this environment. Next, ranged weapons are almost completely useless. Only archery weapons are functional, but even then their normal range become the max range and only linear shots are feasible. This means from zero to normal range for archery weapons, attacks are made at disadvantage. Beyond their normal land range, the water resistance renders the attack moot. However, a few special weapons function well underwater for range, such as the trident, which has its specialized rules defined in its description.

Melee underwater is likewise penalized but are not quite as bad as using range. When making an attack in melee, creatures with an effective swimming speed (either natural or granted by magic) of 20 feet or better can engage as normal. Slower creatures suffer attack at disadvantage unless using a weapon with underwater usage given in its description, such as a dagger or trident.

Spell-casting underwater is grim as well. If a spell can be cast inside of a silence effect, then it can manifest when immersed in water. Otherwise, that axiom or incantation simple cannot be invoked. That said, there are potions and magical items which can overcome these restrictions, just as a hammer of “underwater-throwing” could exist. However, drinking those potions might best be done before entering the water as imbibing a corked potion underwater can only be done by making a body feat save against a DC of 18. Otherwise, the potion becomes too saturated between its uncorking and drinking. Of course, magic might offer solutions here as well, such as traveling in air bubbles or other protections that would allow drinking, talking and other activities work as normal.